|Monostring Chordophone - Ðàn Bâ`u
If one sound had to be chosen to evoke Vietnam, it would be the sound of
dan bau. The structure of the dan bau is very simple. It consists of a long piece
of wood on which a silk or brass string is stretched, and fastened at one end by a peg,
and tied at the other end by a flexible bamboo plate. The string is passed repeatedly
through an open dried gourd (bâ`u) used as a sound box. Dan bau does not have
|Four-String Lute - Ðàn Ðáy
Dan Day has four strings, and a very long neck. Its resonator box has
a shape of a trapezoid rather than a rectangle.
|Sun Lute - Ðàn Ðoa?n
Dan Doan has a shape of the sun therefore sometimes people call it - Dan Nhat (DDàn Nhâ.t). It has 5 strings, a short neck, and the frets are right on the resonator box. It is very similar to Dan Nguyet (check below).
|Moon Lute - Nguyê.t Câ`m
The Southerners of Vietnam refer to this instrument as Dan Kim (DDàn Kìm). Dan Nguyet has two strings and
the resonator box resembles the moon, that is probably why it has the name Dan Nguyet.
|Three-String Lute - Ðàn Tam
As the name indicated, this lute composed of three silk strings. Dan Tam can have very high sound. The tension of every string can vary freely to produce melodious sounds. One intestestring thing is that Dan Tam is fretless, The sound-box is usally decorated or covered with snake skin
|16-String Zither - Ðàn Tranh
Dan Tranh is also known as Dan Thap Luc (Ðàn Thâ.p Lu.c - 16)
with 16 strings. Its shape resembles a bamboo tube that has been sliced
vertically in half. Dan tranh has mostly been seen performed by female musicians in
Vietnamese traditional dress (Ao Dai). When play, the instrument is placed in front of the musician,
who uses her right hand to regulate the pitch and vibrate, while plucking
the strings with her left hand.
|Pear-Shaped Lute - Ðàn Ty` Bà
Dan Ty Ba has a pear-shaped sound-box that becomes narrow toward its upper
end to form the neck. This instrument has 4 strings of braided silk.
|Short Lute - Ðàn Xên
Dan Xen is a musical instrument that belongs to the lute family. Dan Xen ony has
2 strings, and its resonator box forms a flower.